The easternmost community accessible by paved highway. It was named "Baie Rouge" by the French in the 17th century. It's an ideal natural harbour, sheltered from the ocean by Saddle Island. Red Bay is the site of an extensively studied archaeological dig, begun in 1978, of a large 16th century seasonal Basque whaling station. Underwater archaeology at Red Bay has revealed the most complete 16th century ocean-going vessel excavated to date. This vessel is believed to be the Basque galleon, the San Juan. Two other galleons as well as several smaller boats associated with the whaling industry were also located in Red Bay harbour.Parks Canada operates the Red Bay National Historic Site of Canada to tell an incredible story of hardship, exploitation and profit through walking tours, video presentation, interpretive displays and numerous original artifacts.
- Population: 264
- Postal Code: A0K 4K0
- Location: On Route 510, 86 km from the Quebec/Labrador border